The bourgeois side had lost its ability to manipulate the majority of the people to a great extent. It was stigmatized by either its collaboration with the occupiers, or its flight, or its absence from the liberation struggle. In contrast, the KKE, as the heart of EAM-ELAS, of the people's armed struggle during the occupation period, had won over the largest section of the people. Objectively, the correlation of forces between the two basic rival classes, the bourgeois class and the working class, had changed.
entrapment of the KKE and EAM-ELAS in the British High Command of the
Middle East (1943), in the Agreements of Lebanon (1944) and
Caserta (1944), the defeat of December 1944, as well as the
unacceptable Varkiza Agreement, had not brought about the change in
the correlation of forces that the bourgeois forces had hoped for,
despite a certain regroupment of the bourgeois state that was
achieved after December, mainly thanks to the intervention of G.
The persecution of thousands of supporters of EAM and
ELAS, who were forced to go to the mountains and others to become
political refugees (in Boulkes and elsewhere), the exoneration and
organic co-option of the security battalions and other
collaborationist forces into the armed and administrative apparatus
of the state, the presence of thousands of British soldiers after
1945, all together along with other things were the conditions for
capitalist regroupment and reconstruction, after the major
destruction of the war, the black market and other
In the first phase, they considered that the generalization of the armed struggle in Greece could function as a pretext for a global conflict, which they sought to avoid. Later on, after the further hardening of the USA's stance, with the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan, the generalization of the armed struggle in Greece had their agreement, but was not accompanied by the corresponding assistance.
The KKE, experienced and drawing on the lessons of its history, aims and can become a beacon for a new and victorious class confrontation for socialism, which is necessary, timely and realistic.