The congress was held in a difficult period for the Party, when repressions and persecution against the communists continue. The trial of the CPP members and editorial staff of the “Brzask” newspaper entered a new stage – the District Court in Katowice sustained the prosecutor’s demand to renew the trial and decided to return the case to the first instance court. The campaign of falsifying history, eliminating from the public space, education and consciousness of the citizens anything positively associated with the People’s Poland, liberation of Poland by the Red Army and the Polish Peoples’ Army and revolutionary traditions of the workers’ movement, conducted by the authorities is strengthening. We may expect that repressions by the state authorities will increase even more, what is forecasted by the sharpening of the article 256 of the penal law, penalising promotion of the communist ideology, use of the communist symbols and equating communism with fascism. In this situation the Congress unanimously decided that the party cannot perform self-censorship or modify its statute and other programme documents, by resigning from its Marxist-Leninist ideology.