Returning to Greece he re-assumed the KKE leadership, thus becoming the Party's General Secretary. In the peak of class struggle in the country, he organised the heroic Democratic Army of Greece (DSE) which fought against the bourgeois Army and its imperialist allies (Britain, U.S) during the 1946-1949 Civil War. After the defeat of DSE in 1949, the KKE leadership, including Zachariadis, fled into exile in the Soviet Union and the Socialist countries. Zachariadis passed a few years in Tashkent where exiled Greek communists created a large community.
|Zachariadis' grave at the First Cemetery of Athens.